Table of contents
Publication type
The study focuses the impact of ethnic diversity on social capital in the Russian context. Components of “bridging social capital” and “bonding social capital” are considered as dependent variables in the present study. The results showed that ethnic diversity does not have a negative impact on social capital, in the Russian context as it was assumed in the Putnam’s hypothesis. In particular, ethnic diversity in Russia is positively related to the norms of ethnic tolerance and the density of informal networks of the respondents. Additionally ethnic diversity has No. significant “devastating” impact on generalized trust and formal networks of the respondents. The article discusses the reasons for the obtained results.
social capital, socio-psychological capital, ethnic diversity, trust, ethnic tolerance, formal networks, informal networks
Date of publication
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf


Additional sources and materials

Florida R. (2005) Kreativnyj klass: lyudi, kotorye menyayut buduschee. M.: D “Klassika – KhKhI”.
Alesina A., La Ferrara E. (2002) Who Trusts Others? // Journal of Public Economics, vol. 85, no. 2.
Anderson C.J., Paskeviciute A. (2006) How Ethnic and Linguistic Heterogeneity Infl uence the Prospects for Civil Society: a Comparative Study of Citizenship Behavior // Journal of Politics, vol. 68, no. 4.
Andrews R. (2009) Civic Engagement, Ethnic Heterogeneity, and Social Capital in Urban Areas Evidence from England // Urban Affairs Review, vol. 44, no. 3.
Bobo L.D. (1999) Prejudice as Group Position: Microfoundations of a Sociological Approach to Racism and Race Relations // Journal of Social Issues, vol. 55, no. 3.
Campbell D.E., Putnam R.D. (2011) America’s Grace: How a Tolerant Nation Bridges Its Religious Divides // Political Science Quarterly, vol. 126, no. 4.
Coffé H., Geys B. (2006) Community Heterogeneity: a Burden for the Creation of Social Capital? // Social Science Quarterly, vol. 87, no. 5.
Costa D.L., Kahn M.E. (2003) Civic Engagement and Community Heterogeneity: an Economist’s Perspective // Perspective on Politics, vol. 1, no. 1.
Edwards M., Onyx J. (2007) Social Capital and Sustainability in a Community under Threat // Local Environment, vol. 12, no. 1.
Eklinder-Frick J., Eriksson L.T., Hallén L. (2011) Bridging and Bonding Forms of Social Capital in a Regional Strategic Network // Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 40, no. 6.
Fukuyama F. (2001) Social Capital, Civil Society and Development // Third World Quarterly, vol. 22, no. 1.
Gesthuizen M., Van der Meer T., Scheepers P. (2009) Ethnic Diversity and Social Capital in Europe: Tests of Putnam’s Thesis in European Countries // Scandinavian Political Studies, vol. 32, no. 2.
Harell A. (2010) The Limits of Tolerance in Diverse Societies: Hate Speech and Political Tolerance Norms Among Youth // Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol. 43, no. 2.
Helliwell J.F., Putnam R.D. (1995) Economic Growth and Social Capital in Italy // Eastern Economic Journal, vol. 21, no. 3.
Handbook of Social Capital. (2010) The Troika of Sociology, Political Science and Economics.
Ed. by Svendsen G.T., Svendsen G.L. Cheltenham (UK).
Hooghe M. (2007) Social Capital and Diversity Generalized Trust, Social Cohesion and Regimes of Diversity // Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol. 40, no. 3.
Hooghe M., Reeskens T., Stolle D., Trappers A. (2009) Ethnic Diversity and Generalized Trust in Europe a Cross-national Multilevel Study // Comparative Political Studies, vol. 42, no. 2.
Hox J.J. (2002) Multilevel Analysis: Techniques and Applications. Psychology Press.
International Migration Report (2013). UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division ( migrationreport2013/Full_Document_fi nal.pdf).
Jang J., Dworkin J. (2014) Does Social Network Site Use Matter for Mothers? Implications for Bonding and Bridging Capital // Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 35.
Johnston R., Soroka S. (2001) Social Capital in a Multicultural Society: the Case of Canada // Social Capital and Participation in Everyday Life. Eds. Dekker P., Uslaner E.M. London. Routledge.
Kalin R., Berry J.W. (1982) The Social Ecology of Ethnic Attitudes in Canada // Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, vol. 14, no. 2.
Kesler C., Bloemraad I. (2010) Does Immigration Erode Social Capital? The Conditional Effects of Immigration-generated Diversity on Trust, Membership, and Participation Across 19 countries, 1981–2000 // Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol. 43, no. 2.
Lancee B., Dronkers J. (2008) Ethnic Diversity in Neighborhoods and Individual Trust of Immigrants and Natives: a Replication of Putnam (2007) in a West-European Country. In International Conference on Theoretical Perspectives on Social Cohesion and Social Capital, Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts, Brussels. May 2008.
Lebedeva N., Tatarko A. (2013) Multiculturalism and Immigration in Post-Soviet Russia // European psychologist, vol. 18, no. 3.
Leigh A. (2006) Trust, Inequality and Ethnic Heterogeneity // Economic Record, vol. 82, no. 258.
Levi M. (1996) Social and Unsocial Capital: a Review Essay of Robert Putnam’s Making Democracy Work // Politics & Society, vol. 24, no. 1.
McClain P.D. (2003) Social Capital and Diversity: an Introduction // Perspective on Politics, vol. 1, no. 1.
Murayama H., Nishi M., Matsuo E., Nofuji Y., Shimizu Y., Taniguchi Y., Shinkai S. (2013) Do Bonding and Bridging Social Capital Affect Self-rated Health, Depressive Mood and Cognitive Decline in Older Japanese? A Prospective Cohort Study // Social Science & Medicine, vol. 98.
Onyx J., Bullen P. (2000) Measuring Social Capital in Five Communities // The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, vol. 36, no. 1.
Onyx J., Edwards M., Bullen P. (2007) The Intersection of Social Capital and Power: an Application to Rural Communities // Rural Society, vol. 17, no. 3.
Pettigrew T.F., Tropp L.R. (2006) A Meta-analytic Test of Intergroup Contact Theory // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 90, no. 5.
Putnam R.D. (2000) Bowling Alone: the Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Putnam R.D. (2007) E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the Twenty-fi rst Century the 2006 Johan Skytte Prize Lecture // Scandinavian Political Studies, vol. 30, no. 2.
Putnam R. (1993) Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Putnam R. (2001) Social Capital Measurements and Consequences // Canadian Journal of Policy Research, vol.2, no. 1.
Riazantsev S., Tikunov V., Timonin S. (2013) Mathematical Cartographic Approaches Toward Evaluation and Forecasting of Ethnic Composition in the Russian Regions // Annals of GIS, vol. 19, no. 1.
Riek B.M., Mania E.W., Gaertner S.L. (2006) Intergroup Threat and Outgroup Attitudes: a Meta- analytic review // Personality and Social Psychology Review, vol. 10, no. 4.
Savelkoul M., Gesthuizen M., Scheepers P. (2011) Explaining Relationships Between Ethnic Diversity and Informal Social Capital Across European Countries and Regions: Tests of Constrict, Confl ict and Contact Theory // Social Science Research, vol. 40, no. 4.
Scheepers P., Gijsberts M., Coenders M. (2002) Ethnic Exclusionism in European Countries. Public Opposition to Civil Rights for Legal Migrants as a Response to Perceived Ethnic Threat // European Sociological Review, vol. 18, no. 1.
Smith D.H., Shen C. (2002) The Roots of Civil Society: a Model of Voluntary Association Prevalence Applied to Data on Larger Contemporary Nations // International Journal of Comparative Sociology, vol. 43, no. 2.
Son K.Y. (2007) Entrenching ‘Identity Norms’ of Tolerance and Engagement: Lessons from Rapprochement between North and South Korea // Review of International Studies, vol. 33, no. 03.
Soroka S., Helliwell J., Johnston R. (2007) Measuring and Modelling Trust. In F. Kay and R. Johnston (eds), Diversity, Social Capital and the Welfare State. Vancouver (BC).
Stephan W.G., Stephan C.W. (2001) Improving intergroup relations. Thousand Oaks (CA).
Sturgis P., Brunton-Smith I., Read S., Allum N. (2011) Does Ethnic Diversity Erode Trust?
Putnam’s ‘Hunkering Down’ Thesis Reconsidered // British Journal of Political Science, vol. 41, no. 1.
Yamagishi T., Cook K.S., Watabe M. (1998) Uncertainty, Trust, and Commitment Formation in the United States and Japan // American Journal of Sociology, vol. 104, no. 1.
Zhang S., Anderson S.G., Zhan M. (2011) The Differentiated Impact of Bridging and Bonding Social Capital on Economic Well-Being: an Individual Level Perspective // Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, vol. 38, no. 1.


No posts found

Write a review