The Human Capital of the Russian Workers: state, dynamics, factors
Table of contents
The Human Capital of the Russian Workers: state, dynamics, factors
Publication type
Natalia Tikhonova 
Occupation: Professor-Researcher
National Research University “Higher School of Economics”
Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: 20, Myasnitskaya St., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation
Anastasia Karavay
Occupation: Research associate
Institute of the social analysis and forecasting, RANEPA
Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia

The article shows that the educational level of Russian workers is quite high though the overwhelming majority of them do not have professional education for their job or education in adjacent areas (except for training directly at a workplace). Moreover, they do not seek professional training and do not attempt to receive it in any way. It is shown that all these features have intensified in recent years. The key factors for these negative developments are institutional, primarily – insignificance at the national scale of duration of workers’ training or level of professionalism for the level of their wages. Only high education has positive impact on workers’ wage rate – it serves for the employer as a marker of their socialization level, because obtained specialty during education does not correspond to a profile of their job for the large majority of them. The fall of the value of professionalism and the de-professionalization not only of workers but also of other Russian employees, which is actively developing now in Russia under the slogans of transition to competency-based approach, leads to the gradual loss of professionalism values in national production culture. However, it would be incorrect to see the situation developing in the field of the human capital of workers only in black color, since a third of them have the pronounced ability for training and retraining, and under competent public policy this part of workers are capable to act as a cadre reserve for country’s technological breakthrough.

human capital, working class, labor forces, high-potential employees of economy
Date of publication
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2018


1. Anikin V.A. (2017) Chelovecheskiy kapital: stanovlenie kontseptsii i osnovnye traktovki [Human Capital: Genesis of Basic Concepts and Interpretations]. Ekonomicheskaya sotsiologiya, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 120–156.

2. Anikin V.A. (2010) Povedenie po otnosheniyu k svoemu chelovecheskomu kapitalu osnovnykh sotsial’no-professional’nykh grupp rossiyskogo obshchestva [The Behavior in relation to the human capital of the main social professional groups of the Russian society]. X Mezhdunarodnaya nauchnaya konferentsiya po problemam razvitiya ekonomiki i obshchestva]. In 3 vol. / ed. by E. G. Yasin. Vol. 3. Moscow: Izdatel’skiy dom GU-VShE, pp. 289–298.

3. Becker G. (2009) Human capital: A theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.

4. Cherednichenko G.A. (2014) Obrazovatel’nye i professional’nye traektorii rossiyskoy molodezhi (na materialakh sotsiologicheskikh issledovaniy) [Educational and professional trajectories of the Russian youth (on materials of social researches)]. Moscow: TsSP i M.

5. Didenko D.V. (2015) Intellektualoemkaya ekonomika: chelovecheskiy kapital v rossiyskom i mirovom sotsial’no-ekonomicheskom razvitii [The Intellectually demanding economy: the human capital in the Russian and world social and economic development]. St-Petersburg: Aleteyya.

6. Gimpel’son V.E., Kapelyushnikov R.I., Oshchepkov A.Yu. (2017) “Novichki” i “starozhily”: chto govoryat pokazateli spetsial’nogo stazha [“Beginners” and “old residents”: what is told by indicators of a special experience]. Preprint WP3/2017/01. Moscow: VShE (htts://

7. Goldtorpe J., Lockwood D., Platt J. (1969) The affluent worker in the class structure. CUP Archive.

8. Kapelyushnikov R.I., Luk’yanova A.L. (2010) Transformatsiya chelovecheskogo kapitala v rossiyskom obshchestve (na baze “Rossiyskogo monitoringa ekonomicheskogo polozheniya i zdorov’ya nase-leniya”) [The Transformation of the Human Capital in the Russian society (on the basis of The Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey)]. Moscow: Liberal’naya missiya.

9. Karavay A.V. (2016b) Chelovecheskiy kapital potomstvennykh rossiyskikh rabochikh [Human Capital of Russian Hereditary Workers]. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya: ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny, no. 6. pp. 107–124.

10. Karavay A.V. (2016a) Chelovecheskiy kapital rossiyskikh rabochikh: sostoyanie i faktory [The Human Capital of the Russian Working Class: the State and Determinants]. Vestnik Instituta sotsiologii, no. 2, pp. 91–112.

11. Karavay A.V. (2017) Sostoyanie i dinamika kachestva chelovecheskogo kapitala rossiyskikh rabochikh [State and dynamics of the quality of the Russian workers’ human capital]. TERRA ECONOMICUS, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 144–158.

12. Konstantinovskiy D.L. (2010) Rabochaya molodezh’ v rossiyskom obshchestve: orientatsii, obrazovanie i chelovecheskiy kapital [Young workers in the Russian society: orientations, education and human capital]. M.K. Gorshkov (ed.). Sotsial’nye faktory kon-solidatsii Rossiyskogo obshchestva: sotsiologicheskoe izmerenie. Moscow: Novyy khronograf, pp. 91–115.

13. Kremneva N., Luk’yanova E. (2015) Rabochaya professiya: uspekh ili neudacha? Vospriyatie sotsial’nogo polozheniya rabochego v semeynom kontekste [Blue-collar occupation: success or failure? The perception of worker’s social standing in domestic сontext]. Inter, no. 10, pp. 26–38.

14. Latova N.V. (2017с) Kharakteristiki chelovecheskogo kapitala rossiyskikh rabochikh i rabochikh drugikh stran [Characteristics of the Human Capital of Russian Workers]. TERRA ECONOMICUS, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 159–177.

15. Latova N.V. (2017b) Proizvodstvennaya kul’tura rabochikh sovremennoy Rossii kak element ikh chelovecheskogo kapitala (etnometricheskiy analiz na osnove kontseptsii G. Khofsteda) [The Industrial Culture of Modern Russian Workers as an Element of Their Human Capital: an Ethnometric Analysis Using Hofstede’s Model]. Mir Rossii, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 36–63.

16. Latova N.V. (2017a) Rol’ professional’nogo obrazovaniya v vosproizvodstve rossiyskogo rabochego klassa [The Role of Professional Education in the Reproduction of Russian Working Class]. Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost’, no. 1, pp. 99–113.

17. Latova N.V. (2016) Srednie spetsial’nye uchebnye zavedeniya: zhuravl’ v nebe ili sinitsa v rukakh? [The Function of Educational Institution on Vocational Training Workers and Employees: a Feather in the Hand or a Bird in the Air?]. Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost’, no. 1, pp. 34–46.

18. Luk’yanova A.L. (2010) Otdacha ot obrazovaniya: chto pokazyvaet meta-analiz [Return from education: what shows meta-analysis. Economic magazine of Higher School of Economics]. Ekonomicheskiy zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, no. 3, pp. 326–348.

19. Magun V.S. (1990) Motivatsiya trudovoy deyatel’nosti rabochikh. Informatsionnye materialy. Vyp. 3. Programma otdeleniya filosofii i prava AN SSSR “Sotsial’nye protsessy v usloviyakh perestroyki” [The motivation of work of workers]. [Information materials. Issue 3. Program of office of philosophy and right of Academy of Sciences of the USSR “Social processes in the conditions of reorganization”]. Moscow: Institut sotsiologii SSSR.

20. Mincer, J. (1962) On-the-job training: Costs, returns, and some implications. The Journal of Political Economy, no. 5, pp. 50–79.

21. Mityagina E.V. (2014) Resursy rossiyskikh rabochikh v usloviyakh sovremennykh modernizatsionnykh protsessov [Contemporary workers’ resources under conditions of Russian modernization]. Nizhniy Novgorod: NISOTs,

22. Pliskevich N.M. (2012) Chelovecheskiy kapital v transformiruyushcheysya Rossii [The human capital in the transformed Russia]. Moscow: IE RAN.

23. Popova I.M., Bessokirnaya G.P. (2005) Izmenilas’ li motivatsiya truda rabochikh v 1990-e gody? (metodologiya izucheniya, rezul’taty i perspektivy issledovaniy) [Whether the motivation of work of workers in the 1990th years changed? (studying methodology, results, and prospects of researches)]. Mir Rossii, no. 4, pp. 105–137.

24. Sabirianova K.Z. (2002) The Great Human Capital Reallocation: A Study of Occupational Mobility in Transitional Russia. Journal of Comparative Economics, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 191–217.

25. Schultz, T. (1961) Investment in human capital. The American Economic Review, no. 1, pp. 1–17.

26. Soboleva I.V. (2009) Paradoksy izmereniya chelovecheskogo kapitala. Nauchnyy doklad [Paradoxes of measurement of the human capital. Scientific report]. Moscow: IE RAN.

27. Tartakovskaya I.N., Van’ke A.V. (2016) Kar’era rabochego kak biograficheskiy vybor [Working-Class Career as Choice Biography]. Sotsiologicheskoe obozrenie, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 9–48.

28. Tikhonova N.E. (2017). Chelovecheskiy kapital professionalov i rukovoditeley: sostoyanie i dinamika [Human Capital of Professionals and Managers: State and Dynamics]. Vestnik Instituta sotsiologii, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 140–165.

29. Tikhonova N.E. (2016) Vliyanie ekonomicheskogo krizisa na zanyatost’ i chelovecheskiy kapital rossiyan [Influence of an economic crisis on employment and human capital of Russians]. Vestnik obshchestvennogo mneniya. Dannye. Analiz. Diskussii, vol. 1–2, no. 122. pp. 63–74 (

30. Tikhonova N.E., Karavay A.V. (2017) Chelovecheskiy kapital rossiyskikh rabochikh: obshchee sostoyanie i spetsificheskie osobennosti [The Human Capital of Russian Workers: The Overall State and Its Specifics]. Mir Rossii, no. 3, pp. 6–35.


No posts found

Write a review