Symbolization as Contextual Synthesis of Political Ontology, Political Epistemology and Political Language
Table of contents
Symbolization as Contextual Synthesis of Political Ontology, Political Epistemology and Political Language
Publication type
Gleb Musikhin 
Occupation: Professor
Affiliation: Department of Political Science at National Research University “Higher School of Economics”
Address: 20, Myasnitskaya st., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation

The author displays that due to symbolic thinking people can act at the same time bothe as subjects and objects of social life. The article proves that the analysis of the language of politics, the competence of politics, and political information are considered by the academic community as independent modes of political reality. However, the political actors speak, think and know in political context simultaneously. Therefore, the conceptual focus of the research isn’t on the political ontology, epistemology and semantics as such but on the relationships in the political community. It is shown that the symbolic space of politics emerges as a spontaneous nonconventional social interaction creating a stable (and already conventional) model of relations, which isn’t fi xed in the framework of the positivist approach. The author argues that the understanding of language as a social symbolization goes beyond the perception of political character as a “world view” or “mirror of reality.” The process of political symbolization is a collective interaction of meanings not just reproducing the existing meanings but generating new ones as well. This gives the political symbolization a universal communicative function.

political symbolization, symbol, criticism of positivism, the symbolic synthesis, political reality, political imagination, political communication
Date of publication
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2015

Publication text not found


1. Arendt H. (2000) Vita activa, ili O dejatel’noj zhizni [Vita activa, or about the activities of life]. St. Petersburg: Aletejja.

2. Carpini D., Keeter S. (1996) What Americans Know about Politics and Why it Matters. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press.

3. Converse P. (1964) The nature of belief systems in mass publics. Ideology and Discontent. New York: Free Press, ðp. 206–261.

4. David M. (2014) Language, Power and Manipulation: the Use of Rhetoric in Maintaining Political Influence. Frontiers of Language and Teaching, no. 5, pp. 164–170.

5. Derrida J. (2000) O grammatologii [Grammatology]. Moscow: Ad Marginem.

6. Derrida J. (1997) Politics of Friendship. London: Verso.

7. Devjatko I. (1997) R. Merton i ego teorija srednego urovnja [Robert Merton and his theory of the middle level]. Istorija teoreticheskoj sociologii [History of Theoretical Sociology. In 4 vol. Vol. 3]. Moscow: Kanon.

8. Dil’tej V. (2004) Sobranie sochinenij. V 6 t. T. 3. Postroenie istoricheskogo mira v naukah o duhe [Works: Construction of the historical world in the human sciences]. Moscow: Tri kvadrata. In 6 vol. Vol. 3.

9. Dryzek J.S., Honig B., Phillips A. (2006) Introduction. The Oxford Handbook of Political Theory. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

10. Elias N. (1989) The Symbol Theory: an Introduction. Part one. Theory Culture Society, vol. 6. London: Sage, pp. 169–217.

11. Fairclough N. (1992) Discourse and social change. Cambridge : Polity Press.

12. Fairclough N. (1989) Language and Power. London: Longman.

13. Festenstein M., Thompson S., (2001) Rorty R. Critical Dialogues. Cambridge: Polity Press.

14. Fuko M. (2012) Arheologija znanija. [Archaeology of Knowledge]. St. Petersburg: IC “Gumanitarnaja Akademija”.

15. Gerasimov V. (2002) Politicheskij diskurs-analiz [Political discourse analysis] Politicheskaja nauka, no 3, pp. 61–71.

16. Habermas Ju. (2003) Filosofskij diskurs o moderne [Philosophical Discourse of modernity]. Moscow: Ves’ mir.

17. Hantington S. (2003) Stolknovenie civilizaciy [The Clash of Civilizations]. Moscow: AST.

18. Kant I. (1995) Kritika sposobnosti suzhdenija [Critique of Judgment]. St. Petersburg: Nauka.

19. Kant I. (1999) Kritika chistogo razuma [Critique of Pure Reason]. Moscow: Nauka.

20. Kant I. (1964) Soch. V. 6 t. Ò. 4. [Works]. In 6 vol. Vol. 4. Moscow: Mysl’.

21. Lasswell G.D., Smith B.L., Casey R.D. (1946) Propaganda, Communication and Public Order. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press.

22. Levi-Stross K. (1994) Pervobytnoe myshlenie [Prehistoric thinking]. Moscow: Respublika.

23. Liotar Zh.-F. (1998) Sostojanie postmoderna [The postmodern condition]. St. Petersburg: Aleteya.

24. Luman N. (2001) Vlast‘ [Power]. Moscow: Praksis.

25. Lupia A., Mc Cubbins M.D. (1998) The Democratic Dilemma: Can Citizens Learn What They Need To Know? New York: Cambridge Univ. Press.

26. Marks R. (1960) Nemeckaja ideologija [The German Ideology] Marks K., Jengel‘s F. Sochinenija. T. 3. M.: Politizdat.

27. Musihin G.I. (2012) Ideologija i istorija [Ideology and history] Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost’, no 1, pp. 134–146.

28. Mueller A. (1920) Vorlesungen ueber die deutsche Wissenschaft und Literatur. Munchen: Drei Masken Verlag.

29. Novalis (1931) Fragmente. Baxa J. Einfuehrung in die romantische Staatswissenschaft. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

30. Pettit P. (1993) The Common Mind: an Essay on Psychology, Society and Politics. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

31. Schlegel A.W. (1964) Die Kunstlehre. Munchen: Kohlhammer.

32. Shelling F.V.J. (1966) Filosofi ja iskusstva [Philosophy of Art]. Moscow: Mysl’.

33. Shmitt K. (1992) Ponjatie politicheskogo [Concept of the Political]. Voprosy sociologii, no. 1, pp. 35–67.

34. Thompson M., Verweij M., Ellis R.J. (2006). Why and How Culture Matters. The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

35. Wodak R. (1989) Language, Power and Ideology: Studies in Political Discourse. Amsterdam: Walter Benjamins.

36. Zhinkin N. (1998) Jazyk. Rech’. Tvorchestvo [Language. Speech. Creativity]. Moscow: Labirint.


No posts found

Write a review